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A beam is a structural element susceptible to shear and flexural forces. Different types of shear pressures and stresses determine the size of the beam.
The size of a beam is typically determined by the distance between two supports and the total force exerted on it.
What Size Beam Do You Need To Span 16 Ft?
You will need a minimum of a 3-2×14 or 6×14 size beam for a 16-foot span.
For residential buildings, wood frame structures, or projects, the wood beam must be at least 14 inches deep and 6 inches wide (3-2×14) for a 16-foot span.
Here a table is given below about the sizes of the beam to span 16ft.
How Could The Beam’s Size Be Determined To Span 16 Ft?
For beams, the acceptable beam width is presumed based on experience, the maximum bending moment, and the width of the wall underneath the beam in some situations.
They should be wide enough to give rebars enough side protection and space between the bars.
Following the width assumption, the beam’s effective depth is estimated using the bending moment.
The overall depth of the beam is then computed by multiplying the effective depth by the calculated effective cover.
There are several ways to determine a beam’s width and depth. IS 456:2000, Thumb rule technique, and
1) IS 456:2000
It states that the cantilever beam span to effective depth ratio should be 7 (span/effective depth=7), and the simply supported beam span to effective depth ratio should be 20 (span/effective depth=20).
Its continuous beam span to effective depth ratio should be 26 (span/effective depth=26) for designing the minimum size of RCC columns for 2- to 3-story buildings.
2) Use The Thumb Rule
You may also determine the width and depth of the beam using the following approach.
If the beam has a 16-foot span, its depth will be 16 inches, and its breadth will be 16/1.5, or 10.66 inches, which we will take 12 inches.
What Should Be The Size Of A Simply Supported Beam With A 16-Foot Span?
For a simply supported beam, the ratio of the span to the effective depth is 20 (span/effective depth=20); for a 16-foot span, the effective depth is 16 12′′/20, 9.6′′; for a 16-mm bar, the clear cover is one ′′; so, the total depth is the product of the effective depth and the clear cover.
Given that the round figure beam depth is 12 inches, +1/2dia of bar = 9.6′′+1′′+0.3′′=10.9′′. D/1.5=12′′/1.5=8′′, where the width of the beam is often taken to be 9 inches.
Size Of A Continuous Beam For A 16-Foot Span
For a continuous beam, the span ratio to the effective depth is 26.
For a 16-foot span, the effective depth is 16 12 inches/26 inches, and the bar’s diameter is 16 Millimeters. The clear cover is 1-inch.
The overall depth is the product of the effective depth and the clear cover. Taking the round figure beam depth as 9, the +1/2dia of the bar is 7.38′′+1′′+0.3′′=8.68′′.
The width of the beam is often taken to be D/1.5=9′′/1.5=6′′, where D is the beam’s diameter.
What Are Some Common Beams That Can Be Used To Span 16 Ft, And How Do They Compare in Terms of Strength and Cost?
There are several common types of beams that can be used to span 16 ft, and each tends to have its own set of pros and cons.
Available options include engineered wood beams, steel beams, and laminated veneer lumber (LVL) beams.
Engineered wood beams
Engineered wood beams are made from a variety of materials and consist of multiple layers or plies that are bonded together to create a single beam.
These beams tend to be very strong and durable, but they can also be quite expensive.
Steel beams are another common option for spanning 16 ft, and they tend to be less expensive than engineered wood beams.
However, steel is not as strong or durable as engineered wood, so these beams may need to be reinforced in certain situations.
Laminated veneer lumber (LVL) beams
Finally, laminated veneer lumber (LVL) beams are a third option that can be used to span 16 ft.
These beams are typically made from layers of thin wood veneers that have been glued together under high pressure, resulting in a very strong and stable beam that can support heavy loads while maintaining its shape and integrity over time.
While LVL beams can also be more expensive than some other options, they are often a good choice for applications where high strength and durability are required.
Overall, the best type of beam to use for spanning 16 ft will depend on your individual needs and preferences, as well as the specific situation you are trying to accommodate.
Before making a decision, it is important to consider all of the available options carefully and weigh the pros and cons of each one in order to choose the right beam for your particular needs.
FAQs About The Right Size Beam To Span 16 ft.
How Big The Beam Am I Going To Need To Span 16 Feet?
According to the thumb rule, a 16-foot-long residential building’s beam size should be 9′′12′′ for a continuous beam, 9′′9′′ for a simply supported beam, and 18′′27′′ for a cantilever beam when using steel grade Fe500 with stirrup T8@6′′C/C and M20 grade concrete ratio (1:1.5:3) with clear cover 25mm.
How Should A Steel Beam Be Sized For A House To Span 16 Feet?
By multiplying the span (in inches) by 20. You may get the required depth of a beam.
A 25-foot span, for instance, would be 2512 / 20 = 15. This beam’s width would be anywhere between one-third and half its depth.
What Is The Typical Beam Size To Span 16 Feet?
The minimum concrete slab thickness. The theoretical and practical design of reinforced concrete beams, columns, and frame structures.
How Is Structural Load Determined To Span 16 Feet?
Volume of the member times material unit weight equals dead load.
An exact dead load may be calculated for each component by determining the volume of each member and multiplying it by the unit weight of the materials from which it is made.
The Final Verdict
Now you know a bit more about the different types of beams that can be used to span 16 ft, and you are better equipped to choose the right one for your needs.
Whether you opt for engineered wood beams, steel beams, or laminated veneer lumber (LVL) beams, there are many factors to consider when making this decision.
So take your time, do your research, and choose the best beam for your project!